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III. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RELATIONS


Article 66
(Security of Employment)

The state shall create opportunities for employment and work, and shall ensure the protection of both by law.

Article 67
(Property)

The manner in which property is acquired and enjoyed shall be established by law so as to ensure its economic, social, and environmental function.

The manner and conditions of inheritance shall be established by law.

Article 68*
(Property Rights of Aliens)

Aliens may acquire ownership rights to real estate under conditions provided by law or a treaty ratified by the National Assembly.
 
*As amended by the Constitutional Act Amending Article 68 of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia, 14 July 1997 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia No. 42/97), and the Constitutional Act Amending Chapter I and Articles 47 and 68 of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia, 27 February 2003 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia No. 24/03).

The text of Article 68 as amended in 1997 read as follows:
“Aliens may acquire ownership rights to real estate under conditions provided by law or if so provided by a treaty ratified by the National Assembly, under the condition of reciprocity.

Such law and treaty from the preceding paragraph shall be adopted by the National Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote of all deputies.”

The original text of Article 68 read as follows:

“Aliens may acquire ownership rights to real estate under conditions provided by law.

Aliens may not acquire title to land except by inheritance, under the condition of reciprocity.”

Article 69
(Expropriation)

Ownership rights to real estate may be revoked or limited in the public interest with the provision of compensation in kind or monetary compensation under conditions established by law.

Article 70
(Public Good and Natural Resources)

Special rights to use a public good may be acquired, subject to conditions established by law.

The conditions under which natural resources may be exploited shall be established by law.

The law may provide that natural resources may also be exploited by foreign persons and shall establish the conditions for such exploitation.

Article 70a
*
(Right to Drinking Water)

Everyone has the right to drinking water.

Water resources shall be a public good managed by the state.

As a priority and in a sustainable manner, water resources shall be used to supply the population with drinking water and water for household use and in this respect shall not be a market commodity.

The supply of the population with drinking water and water for household use shall be ensured by the state directly through self-governing local communities and on a not-for-profit basis.

* As amended by the Constitutional Act Amending Chapter III of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia, which was adopted on 25 November 2016 and entered into force on 25 November 2016 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia No. 75/16).

Article 71
(Protection of Land)

The law shall establish special conditions for land utilisation in order to ensure its proper use.

Special protection of agricultural land shall be provided by law.

The state shall promote the economic, cultural, and social advancement of the population living in mountain and hill areas.

Article 72
(Healthy Living Environment)

Everyone has the right in accordance with the law to a healthy living environment.

The state shall promote a healthy living environment. To this end, the conditions and manner in which economic and other activities are pursued shall be established by law.

The law shall establish under which conditions and to what extent a person who has damaged the living environment is obliged to provide compensation.

The protection of animals from cruelty shall be regulated by law.

Article 73
(Protection of the Natural and Cultural Heritage)

Everyone is obliged in accordance with the law to protect natural sites of special interest, rarities, and cultural monuments.

The state and local communities shall promote the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage.

Article 74
(Free Enterprise)

Free economic initiative shall be guaranteed.

The conditions for establishing commercial organisations shall be established by law. Commercial activities may not be pursued in a manner contrary to the public interest.

Unfair competition practices and practices which restrict competition in a manner contrary to the law are prohibited.

Article 75
(Participation in Management)

Employees shall participate in the management of commercial organisations and institutes in a manner and under conditions provided by law.

Article 76
(Freedom of Trade Unions)

The freedom to establish, operate, and join trade unions shall be guaranteed.

Article 77
(Right to Strike)

Employees have the right to strike.

Where required by the public interest, the right to strike may be restricted by law, with due consideration given to the type and nature of activity involved. 
 
Article 78
(Proper Housing)

The state shall create opportunities for citizens to obtain proper housing.

Article 79
(Aliens Employed in Slovenia)

Aliens employed in Slovenia and members of their families have special rights provided by law.

    Illustrated constitution

    Illustrated constitution