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Dr Rok Čeferin graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana in 1989. In the same year he started to work as a trainee attorney at the attorney’s office of Dr Peter Čeferin in Grosuplje and continued to work there as an attorney after he passed the state legal examination. His father, brother, and he transformed the attorney’s office into Law Firm Čeferin & Partners. Before commencing his duties as Constitutional Court judge, he worked in the law firm as an attorney for almost thirty years, practising mainly in the fields of civil law and human rights law. He also participated in the management of the law firm as a director from its establishment.

In 2012, he obtained a doctorate in law from the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana.

Since 2015, he has lectured journalism students at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Ljubljana on freedom of the press and the limits thereof. In 2018, he became Assistant Professor in the field of journalism studies and a Research Fellow at the same faculty; his position was renewed in 2023.

He has participated in several conferences organised by Slovene faculties and different Slovene and International law associations. Upon the invitation of Slovene judges, he delivered a lecture at the Judicial School for Civil Law Seminar (2016), while upon the invitation of Slovene prosecutors he delivered a talk at the Slovene State Prosecutors Days (2017). He has participated in seminars organised by the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts twice (2015 and 2018). In 2018, the President of the Republic of Slovenia invited him to participate in a seminar on hate speech and freedom of speech. He also delivered lectures at the Days of Slovene Lawyers in Portorož (2014 and 2021), the Days of European Law at the Law Faculty in Ljubljana (2014), and the international conference CEECOM held by the Faculty of Social Sciences in 2017 in Ljubljana. In the framework of the European Programme for Human Rights Education for Legal Professionals (HELP) of the Council of Europe, he delivered lectures on the criteria for determining the limits of freedom of expression in adjudication to Slovene judges (January 2021) and Slovene attorneys (September 2021). He also gave a presentation at the meeting between the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia and the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg (September 2023).

He is the author of numerous articles published in Slovene and international legal journals (his bibliography includes more than 50 entries in COBISS) and a scientific monograph entitled Meje svobode tiska v sodni praksi Ustavnega sodišča Republike Slovenije in Evropskega sodišča za človekove pravice [The Limits of Freedom of the Press in the Jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia and the European Court of Human Rights]. Slovene courts have cited the monograph several times as a reference in the reasoning of their judgments.

In 2018, he co-authored a commentary on the Criminal Code under the auspices of the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana. In 2019, the Minister of Culture appointed him to the expert commission on drafting amendments of the Media Act. The Slovene Bar Association awarded him the title “specialist in civil and media law”.

He commenced duties as judge of the Constitutional Court on 28 September 2019, and assumed the office of Vice President on 16 December 2021.